"La lutte contre le changement climatique est le défi du siècle" [中文]
Le 23 septembre 2014, les ambassadeurs allemand, britannique et français ont publié une tribune préparée ensemble pour exposer les risques et l’importance d’une action concertée de la communauté internationale.
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- Sir Sebastian Wood, ambassadeur du Royaume-Uni en Chine, Maurice Gourdault-Montagne, ambassadeur de France en Chine, et Michael Clauss, ambassadeur d’Allemagne en Chine
« Fight against global warming : the challenge of the century »
Joint OpEd by UK, German and French Ambassadors to China
Today in New York, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is hosting global leaders from government, business and civil society in a Summit to discuss one of the defining issues of our time : climate change.
It is tempting to think of climate change as important, but less urgent than economic crises and political conflicts. But we do not have the luxury of time. The effects of climate change are already being felt around the world. Those suffering from extreme weather events such as Super Typhoon Haiyan and record high temperatures in many countries recognise the urgency of the problem. If climate change was ever considered a far-away, future problem, it is not any more : it is happening here and now.
Today’s Summit will galvanize and catalyze action ahead of the vital meetings in Lima at the end of this year and in Paris next December when national leaders will come together to agree a hopefully ambitious global deal to tackling the root cause of climate change, greenhouse gas emissions.
We certainly need it. This agreement is the decisive moment to keep global warming below 2°C.
Earlier this year the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the world’s pre-eminent organisation of climate scientists, including many of China’s leading scientists, confirmed the scale of the problem we face. Their reports told us that unmitigated climate change poses significant risks to human health, global food security, and economic development ; risks for access to water, political stability, and the potential for significant migration of people.
Without concerted international action those consequences will get more, not less, serious.
But an ambitious agreement- in 2015, entering in force only in 2020 - alone is not sufficient. All countries need to take action now to actually deliver the ambitious emissions reductions targets they will need to set themselves in 2015.
To do that we need an energy revolution and a new model of low carbon development.
The good news is that it doesn’t cost the earth to save the planet. The costs of inaction will indeed outnumber by far the cost of climate protection today.
A major international study released last week concludes the world economy can improve its economic performance while tackling climate change. Taking action on climate change can deliver new opportunities to improve growth, create jobs, boost company profits and spur innovation. And of course there are other benefits for cleaner air and better human health.
So we are starting to think of addressing climate change no longer as an economic burden –but as an opportunity.
It is hardly surprising then that the world’s leading economies, including in the EU and China, are investing heavily in the technologies and processes which will drive a low carbon transition.
Europe and China have started to develop effective economic instruments for encouraging green growth – from product standards to cap and trade, from CO2 targets to renewable energy targets What is needed is a transformation of the energy system, including energy supply and demand, as well as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in all sectors of the economy. Germany, France and the UK have implemented ambitious policies and set targets to achieve this goal.
And it is not just Europe that is embracing green growth.
The global market for low carbon goods and services is worth in excess of 30 trillion RMB- and growing at a healthy 4% per year. Global clean energy investments have grown six-fold since 2004 to nearly 1.5 trillion RMB a year.
China’s role is crucial : it has a driving role in the international community. China has shown by its extensive action to reduce reliance on coal and reduce greenhouse gases that it is engaged in the fight against global warming. China will have invested over $1.2 trillion in its green economy between 2011 and 2015. We, alongside many other countries, are working in close partnership with China to support these changes ; cooperating on policies and technologies to tackle climate change and promote clean energy and low carbon development.
This is the kind of practical work which is laying the groundwork for an ambitious global deal in Paris next year. On that path, we are fully confident in the Peruvian Presidency leadership to make the COP20 a sound milestone to reach our common goal.
We believe that such a deal is possible – in fact it is essential – and that both Europe and China will share the benefits of strong action.
But both suffer the consequences if we fail to act.
So as talks heat up over the next year, let’s work to make sure the climate doesn’t.
Paru le 23 septembre 2014, dans le "21st Century Business Herald"